International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Mike Hamburg

Affiliation: Cryptography Research Inc.

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2019
CRYPTO
Quantum Security Proofs Using Semi-classical Oracles 📺
We present an improved version of the one-way to hiding (O2H) Theorem by Unruh, J ACM 2015. Our new O2H Theorem gives higher flexibility (arbitrary joint distributions of oracles and inputs, multiple reprogrammed points) as well as tighter bounds (removing square-root factors, taking parallelism into account). The improved O2H Theorem makes use of a new variant of quantum oracles, semi-classical oracles, where queries are partially measured. The new O2H Theorem allows us to get better security bounds in several public-key encryption schemes.
2019
TCC
Tighter Proofs of CCA Security in the Quantum Random Oracle Model
We revisit the construction of IND-CCA secure key encapsulation mechanisms (KEM) from public-key encryption schemes (PKE). We give new, tighter security reductions for several constructions. Our main result is an improved reduction for the security of the $$U^{\not \bot }$$ -transform of Hofheinz, Hövelmanns, and Kiltz (TCC’17) which turns OW-CPA secure deterministic PKEs into IND-CCA secure KEMs. This result is enabled by a new one-way to hiding (O2H) lemma which gives a tighter bound than previous O2H lemmas in certain settings and might be of independent interest. We extend this result also to the case of PKEs with non-zero decryption failure probability and non-deterministic PKEs. However, we assume that the derandomized PKE is injective with overwhelming probability.In addition, we analyze the impact of different variations of the $$U^{\not \bot }$$ -transform discussed in the literature on the security of the final scheme. We consider the difference between explicit ( $$U^{\bot }$$ ) and implicit ( $$U^{\not \bot }$$ ) rejection, proving that security of the former implies security of the latter. We show that the opposite direction holds if the scheme with explicit rejection also uses key confirmation. Finally, we prove that (at least from a theoretic point of view) security is independent of whether the session keys are derived from message and ciphertext ( $$U^{\not \bot }$$ ) or just from the message ( $$U^{\not \bot }_m$$ ).
2017
CHES
A Side-Channel Assisted Cryptanalytic Attack Against QcBits
QcBits is a code-based public key algorithm based on a problem thought to be resistant to quantum computer attacks. It is a constant-time implementation for a quasi-cyclic moderate density parity check (QC-MDPC) Niederreiter encryption scheme, and has excellent performance and small key sizes. In this paper, we present a key recovery attack against QcBits. We first used differential power analysis (DPA) against the syndrome computation of the decoding algorithm to recover partial information about one half of the private key. We then used the recovered information to set up a system of noisy binary linear equations. Solving this system of equations gave us the entire key. Finally, we propose a simple but effective countermeasure against the power analysis used during the syndrome calculation.
2015
EPRINT
2015
EPRINT
2015
CRYPTO
2014
EPRINT
2009
CHES
2008
ASIACRYPT
2008
CRYPTO
2007
EPRINT
Space-Efficient Identity Based Encryption Without Pairings
Dan Boneh Craig Gentry Mike Hamburg
Identity Based Encryption (IBE) systems are often constructed using bilinear maps (a.k.a. pairings) on elliptic curves. One exception is an elegant system due to Cocks which builds an IBE based on the quadratic residuosity problem modulo an RSA composite N. The Cocks system, however, produces long ciphertexts. Since the introduction of the Cocks system in 2001 it has been an open problem to construct a space efficient IBE system without pairings. In this paper we present an IBE system in which ciphertext size is short: an encryption of an L-bit message consists of a single element in Z_N plus L+1 additional bits. Security, as in the Cocks system, relies on the quadratic residuosity problem. The system is based on the theory of ternary quadratic forms and as a result, encryption and decryption are slower than in the Cocks system.

Program Committees

CHES 2018