International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Sangjin Lee

Affiliation: Center for Information Security Technologies(CIST)

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2008
EPRINT
Indifferentiable Security Analysis of choppfMD, chopMD, a chopMDP, chopWPH, chopNI, chopEMD, chopCS, and chopESh Hash Domain Extensions
We provide simple and unified indifferentiable security analyses of choppfMD, chopMD, a chopMDP (where the permutation $P$ is to be xored with any non-zero constant.), chopWPH (the chopped version of Wide-Pipe Hash proposed in \cite{Lucks05}), chopEMD, chopNI, chopCS, chopESh hash domain extensions. Even though there are security analysis of them in the case of no-bit chopping (i.e., $s=0$), there is no unified way to give security proofs. All our proofs in this paper follow the technique introduced in \cite{BeDaPeAs08}. These proofs are simple and easy to follow.
2008
EPRINT
Improved Cryptanalysis of APOP-MD4 and NMAC-MD4 using New Differential Paths
In case of security analysis of hash functions, finding a good collision-inducing differential paths has been only focused on. However, it is not clear how differential paths of a hash function influence the securities of schemes based on the hash function. In this paper, we show that any differential path of a hash function can influence the securities of schemes based on the hash function. We explain this fact with the MD4 hash function. We first show that APOP-MD4 with a nonce of fixed length can be analyzed efficiently with a new differential path. Then we improve the result of the key-recovery attack on NMAC-MD4 described by Fouque {\em et al.} \cite{FoLeNg07} by combining new differential paths. Our results mean that good hash functions should have the following property : \textit{It is computationally infeasible to find differential a path of hash functions with a high probability}.
2008
EPRINT
Various Security Analysis of a pfCM-MD Hash Domain Extension and Applications based on the Extension
We propose a new hash domain extension \textit{a prefix-free-Counter-Masking-MD (pfCM-MD)}. And, among security notions for the hash function, we focus on the indifferentiable security notion by which we can check whether the structure of a given hash function has any weakness or not. Next, we consider the security of HMAC, two new prf constructions, NIST SP 800-56A key derivation function, and the randomized hashing in NIST SP 800-106, where all of them are based on the pfCM-MD. Especially, due to the counter of the pfCM-MD, the pfCM-MD are secure against all of generic second-preimage attacks such as Kelsey-Schneier attack \cite{KeSc05} and Elena {\em et al.}' attck \cite{AnBoFoHoKeShZi08}. Our proof technique and most of notations follow those in \cite{BeDaPeAs08,Bellare06,BeCaKr96a}.
2007
EPRINT
New FORK-256
The hash function FORK-256 was published at the ¯rst NIST hash workshop and FSE 2006. It consists of simple operations so that its performance is better than that of SHA-256. However, recent papers show some weaknesses of FORK-256. In this paper, we propose newly modi¯ed FORK-256 which has no microcoliisions and so is resistant against existing attacks. Furthermore, it is faster than the old one.
2006
ASIACRYPT
2006
CHES
2006
FSE
2006
JOFC
2005
FSE
2005
FSE
2005
EPRINT
On the Security of Encryption Modes of MD4, MD5 and HAVAL
MD4 is a cryptographic hash function introduced in 1990 by Rivest. After MD4 was proposed, several hash functions such as MD5, HAVAL, RIPEMD, RIPEMD-160, SHA-1 and SHA-256 were designed based on the MD4 structure. In this paper, we cryptanalyze the compression functions of MD4, MD5 and 4-, 5-pass HAVAL in encryption modes. We exploit the recently proposed related-key rectangle and boomerang techniques to show non-randomness of MD4, MD5 and 4-, 5-pass HAVAL and to distinguish them from a randomly chosen cipher. The attacks are highly practical and have been confirmed by our experiments.
2004
ASIACRYPT
2004
FSE
2004
EPRINT
A Generalization of PGV-Hash Functions and Security Analysis in Black-Box Model
In~\cite{B02} it was proved that 20 out of 64 PGV-hash functions~\cite{P94} based on block cipher are collision resistant and one-way-secure in black-box model of the underlying block cipher. Here, we generalize the definition of PGV-hash function into a hash family and we will prove that besides the previous 20 hash functions we have 22 more collision resistant and one-way secure hash families. As all these 42 families are keyed hash family, these become target collision resistant also. All these 42 hash families have tight upper and lower bounds on (target) collision resistant and one-way-ness.
2004
EPRINT
Security Analysis of a 2/3-rate Double Length Compression Function in Black-Box Model
In this paper, we propose a $2/3$-rate double length compression function and study its security in black-box model. We prove that to get a collision attack for the compression function requires $\Omega(2^{2n/3})$ queries, where $n$ is the single length output size. Thus, it has better security than a most secure single length compression function. This construction is more efficient than the construction given in~\cite{Hirose04}. Also the three computations of underlying compression functions can be done in parallel. The proof idea uses a concept of computable message which can be helpful to study security of other constructions like ~\cite{Hirose04},~\cite{Lucks04},~\cite{Nandi04} etc.
2003
ASIACRYPT
2003
FSE
2002
ASIACRYPT
2002
EUROCRYPT
2002
FSE
2002
FSE
2002
PKC
2001
ASIACRYPT
2001
ASIACRYPT
2001
CRYPTO
2001
FSE
2000
ASIACRYPT
2000
CRYPTO
2000
FSE
1998
PKC
1996
ASIACRYPT
1996
ASIACRYPT
1995
CRYPTO
1994
ASIACRYPT