International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Cody Freitag

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2019
CRYPTO
Non-Uniformly Sound Certificates with Applications to Concurrent Zero-Knowledge 📺
We introduce the notion of non-uniformly sound certificates: succinct single-message (unidirectional) argument systems that satisfy a “best-possible security” against non-uniform polynomial-time attackers. In particular, no polynomial-time attacker with s bits of non-uniform advice can find significantly more than s accepting proofs for false statements. Our first result is a construction of non-uniformly sound certificates for all $$\mathbf{NP }$$ in the random oracle model, where the attacker’s advice can depend arbitrarily on the random oracle.We next show that the existence of non-uniformly sound certificates for $$\mathbf{P }$$ (and collision resistant hash functions) yields a public-coin constant-round fully concurrent zero-knowledge argument for $$\mathbf{NP } $$.

Coauthors

Ilan Komargodski (1)
Rafael Pass (1)