International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Tighter Security for Generic Authenticated Key Exchange in the QROM

Jiaxin Pan , NTNU, Norway
Benedikt Wagner , CISPA, Germany
Runzhi Zeng , NTNU, Norway
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Presentation: Slides
Conference: ASIACRYPT 2023
Abstract: We give a tighter security proof for authenticated key exchange (AKE) protocols that are generically constructed from key encapsulation mechanisms (KEMs) in the quantum random oracle model (QROM). Previous works (Hövelmanns et al., PKC 2020) gave reductions for such a KEM-based AKE protocol in the QROM to the underlying primitives with square-root loss and a security loss in the number of users and total sessions. Our proof is much tighter and does not have square-root loss. Namely, it only loses a factor depending on the number of users, not on the number of sessions. Our main enabler is a new variant of lossy encryption which we call parameter lossy encryption. In this variant, there are not only lossy public keys, but also lossy system parameters. This allows us to embed a computational assumption into the system parameters, and the lossy public keys are statistically close to the normal public keys. Combining with the Fujisaki-Okamoto transformation, we obtain the first tightly IND-CCA secure KEM in the QROM in a multi-user (without corruption), multi-challenge setting. Finally, we show that a multi-user, multi-challenge KEM implies a square-root-tight and session-tight AKE protocol in the QROM. By implementing the parameter lossy encryption tightly from lattices, we obtain the first square-root-tight and session-tight AKE from lattices in the QROM.
  title={Tighter Security for Generic Authenticated Key Exchange in the QROM},
  author={Jiaxin Pan and Benedikt Wagner and Runzhi Zeng},