International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Siu Ming Yiu

ORCID: 0000-0002-3975-8500


Updatable, Aggregatable, Succinct Mercurial Vector Commitment from Lattice
Vector commitments (VC) and their variants attract a lot of attention due to their wide range of usage in applications such as blockchain and accumulator. Mercurial vector commitment (MVC), as one of the important variants of VC, is the core technique for building more complicated cryptographic applications, such as the zero-knowledge set (ZKS) and zero-knowledge elementary database (ZK-EDB). However, to the best of our knowledge, the only post-quantum MVC construction is trivially implied by a generic framework proposed by Catalano and Fiore (PKC '13) with lattice-based components which causes \emph{large} auxiliary information and \emph{cannot satisfy} any additional advanced properties, that is, updatable and aggregatable. A major difficulty in constructing a \emph{non-black-box} lattice-based MVC is that it is not trivial to construct a lattice-based VC that satisfies a critical property called ``mercurial hiding". In this paper, we identify some specific features of a new falsifiable family of basis-augmented SIS assumption ($\mathsf{BASIS}$) proposed by Wee and Wu (EUROCRYPT '23) that can be utilized to construct the mercurial vector commitment from lattice \emph{satisfying} updatability and aggregatability with \emph{smaller} auxiliary information. We \emph{first} extend stateless update and differential update to the mercurial vector commitment and define a \emph{new} property, named updatable mercurial hiding. Then, we show how to modify our constructions to obtain the updatable mercurial vector commitment that satisfies these properties. To aggregate the openings, our constructions perfectly inherit the ability to aggregate in the $\mathsf{BASIS}$ assumption, which can break the limitation of \emph{weak} binding in the current aggregatable MVCs. In the end, we show that our constructions can be used to build the various kinds of lattice-based ZKS and ZK-EDB directly within the existing framework.
Asymmetric Group Message Franking: Definitions & Constructions
As online group communication scenarios become more and more common these years, malicious or unpleasant messages are much easier to spread on the internet. Message franking is a crucial cryptographic mechanism designed for content moderation in online end-to-end messaging systems, allowing the receiver of a malicious message to report the message to the moderator. Unfortunately, the existing message franking schemes only consider 1-1 communication scenarios. In this paper, we systematically explore message franking in group communication scenarios. We introduce the notion of asymmetric group message franking (AGMF), and formalize its security requirements. Then, we provide a framework of constructing AGMF from a new primitive, called $\textup{HPS-KEM}^{\rm{\Sigma}}$. We also give a construction of $\textup{HPS-KEM}^{\rm{\Sigma}}$ based on the DDH assumption. Plugging the concrete $\textup{HPS-KEM}^{\rm{\Sigma}}$ scheme into our AGMF framework, we obtain a DDH-based AGMF scheme, which supports message franking in group communication scenarios.

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