International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Marie Euler


Equivalence of Generalised Feistel Networks
Patrick Derbez Marie Euler
This paper focuses on equivalences between Generalised Feistel Networks (GFN) of type-II. We introduce a new definition of equivalence which captures the concept that two GFNs are identical up to re-labelling of the inputs/outputs, and give a procedure to test this equivalence relation. Such two GFNs are therefore cryptographically equivalent for several classes of attacks. It induces a reduction o the space of possible GFNs: the set of the (k!)2 possible even-odd GFNs with 2k branches can be partitioned into k! different classes.This result can be very useful when looking for an optimal GFN regarding specific computationally intensive properties, such as the minimal number of active S-boxes in a differential trail. We also show that in several previous papers, many GFN candidates are redundant as they belong to only a few classes. Because of this reduction of candidates, we are also able to suggest better permutations than the one of WARP: they reach 64 active S-boxes in one round less and still have the same diffusion round that WARP. Finally, we also point out a new family of permutations with good diffusion properties.
Revisiting Related-Key Boomerang attacks on AES using computer-aided tool 📺
In recent years, several MILP models were introduced to search automatically for boomerang distinguishers and boomerang attacks on block ciphers. However, they can only be used when the key schedule is linear. Here, a new model is introduced to deal with nonlinear key schedules as it is the case for {\mbox{\tt AES}}. This model is more complex and actually it is too slow for exhaustive search. However, when some hints are added to the solver, it found the current best related-key boomerang attack on {\mbox{\tt AES-192}} with $2^{124}$ time, $2^{124}$ data, and $2^{79.8}$ memory complexities, which is better than the one presented by Biryukov and Khovratovich at ASIACRYPT 2009 with complexities $2^{176}/2^{123}/2^{152}$ respectively. This represents a huge improvement for the time and memory complexity, illustrating the power of MILP in cryptanalysis.