Hilder Vitor Lima Pereira
FINAL: Faster FHE instantiated with NTRU and LWE 📺
The NTRU problem is a promising candidate to build efficient Fully Homomorphic Encryption (FHE).However, all the existing proposals (e.g. LTV, YASHE) need so-called `overstretched' parameters of NTRU to enable homomorphic operations. It was shown by Albrecht~et~al. (CRYPTO~2016) that these parameters are vulnerable against subfield lattice attacks. Based on a recent, more detailed analysis of the overstretched NTRU assumption by Ducas and van Woerden (ASIACRYPT~2021), we construct two FHE schemes whose NTRU parameters lie outside the overstretched range.The first scheme is based solely on NTRU and demonstrates competitive performance against the state-of-the-art FHE schemes including TFHE. Our second scheme, which is based on both the NTRU and LWE assumptions, outperforms TFHE with a 28\% faster bootstrapping and 45\% smaller bootstrapping and key-switching keys.
Bootstrapping fully homomorphic encryption over the integers in less than one second 📺
One can bootstrap LWE-based fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) schemes in less than one second, but bootstrapping AGCD-based FHE schemes, also known as FHE over the integers, is still very slow. In this work we propose fast bootstrapping methods for FHE over the integers, closing thus this gap between these two types of schemes. We use a variant of the AGCD problem to construct a new GSW-like scheme that can natively encrypt polynomials, then, we show how the single-gate bootstrapping method proposed by Ducas and Micciancio (EUROCRYPT 2015) can be adapted to FHE over the integers using our scheme, and we implement a bootstrapping that, using around 400 MB of key material, runs in less than one second in a common personal computer.