International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Nikhil Vyas


Efficient Constructions for Almost-everywhere Secure Computation 📺
We study the problem of {\em almost-everywhere reliable message transmission}; a key component in designing efficient and secure MPC protocols for sparsely connected networks. The goal is to design low-degree networks which allow a large fraction of honest nodes to communicate reliably even while linearly many nodes can experience byzantine corruption and deviate arbitrarily from the assigned protocol.\\ \noindent In this paper, we achieve a $\log$-degree network with a polylogarithmic work complexity protocol, thereby improving over the state-of-the-art result of Chandran {\em et al.} (ICALP 2010) who required a polylogarithmic-degree network and had a linear work complexity. In addition, we also achieve: \begin{itemize} \item A work efficient version of Dwork et. al.'s (STOC 1986) butterfly network. \item An improvement upon the state of the art protocol of Ben-or and Ron (Information Processing Letters 1996) in the randomized corruption model---both in work-efficiency and in resilience.