International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Information-Theoretic 2-Round MPC without Round Collapsing: Adaptive Security, and More

Huijia Lin
Tianren Liu
Hoeteck Wee
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Presentation: Slides
Abstract: We present simpler and improved constructions of 2-round protocols for secure multi-party computation (MPC) in the semi-honest setting. Our main results are new information-theoretically secure protocols for arithmetic NC1 in two settings: (i) the plain model tolerating up to $t < n/2$ corruptions; and (ii) in the OLE-correlation model tolerating any number of corruptions. Our protocols achieve adaptive security and require only black-box access to the underlying field, whereas previous results only achieve static security and require non-black-box field access. Moreover, both results extend to polynomial-size circuits with computational and adaptive security, while relying on black-box access to a pseudorandom generator. In the OLE correlation model, the extended protocols for circuits tolerate up to $n-1$ corruptions. Along the way, we introduce a conceptually novel framework for 2-round MPC that does not rely on the round collapsing framework underlying all of the recent advances in 2-round MPC.
Video from TCC 2020
  title={Information-Theoretic 2-Round MPC without Round Collapsing: Adaptive Security, and More},
  booktitle={Theory of Cryptography},
  author={Huijia Lin and Tianren Liu and Hoeteck Wee},