International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Weaknesses of the FORK-256 compression function

Krystian Matusiewicz
Scott Contini
Josef Pieprzyk
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Abstract: This report presents analysis of the compression function of a recently proposed hash function, FORK-256. We exhibit some unexpected differentials existing for the step transformation and show their possible uses in collision-finding attacks on different variants of FORK-256. As a simple application of those observations we present a method of finding chosen IV collisions for a variant of FORK-256 reduced to two branches : either 1 and 2 or 3 and 4. Moreover, we present how those differentials can be used in the full FORK-256 to easily find messages with hashes differing by only a relatively small number of bits. We argue that this method allows for finding collisions in the full function with complexity not exceeding $2^{126.6}$ hash evaluations, better than birthday attack and additionally requiring only a small amount of memory.
  title={Weaknesses of the FORK-256 compression function},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={secret-key cryptography / hash functions, cryptanalysis, FORK-256},
  note={ 13481 received 14 Sep 2006, last revised 29 Nov 2006},
  author={Krystian Matusiewicz and Scott Contini and Josef Pieprzyk},