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Paper: LEGO for Two Party Secure Computation

Authors:
Jesper Buus Nielsen
Claudio Orlandi
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URL: http://eprint.iacr.org/2008/427
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Abstract: The first and still most popular solution for secure two-party computation relies on Yao's garbled circuits. Unfortunately, Yao's construction provide security only against passive adversaries. Several constructions (zero-knowledge compiler, cut-and-choose) are known in order to provide security against active adversaries, but most of them are not efficient enough to be considered practical. In this paper we propose a new approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization) for two-party computation, which allows to construct more efficient protocols secure against active adversaries. The basic idea is the following: Alice constructs and provides Bob a set of garbled NAND gates. A fraction of them is checked by Alice giving Bob the randomness used to construct them. When the check goes through, with overwhelming probability there are very few bad gates among the non-checked gates. These gates Bob permutes and connects to a Yao circuit, according to a fault-tolerant circuit design which computes the desired function even in the presence of a few random faulty gates. Finally he evaluates this Yao circuit in the usual way. For large circuits, our protocol offers better performance than any other existing protocol. The protocol is universally composable (UC) in the OT-hybrid model.
BibTeX
@misc{eprint-2008-18144,
  title={LEGO for Two Party Secure Computation},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={cryptographic protocols / Two-Party Computation, Yao Circuits},
  url={http://eprint.iacr.org/2008/427},
  note={ jbn@cs.au.dk, orlandi@cs.au.dk 14155 received 3 Oct 2008},
  author={Jesper Buus Nielsen and Claudio Orlandi},
  year=2008
}