Illusion and Dazzle: Adversarial Optical Channel Exploits Against Lidars for Automotive Applications
With the advancement in computing, sensing, and vehicle electronics, autonomous vehicles are being realized. For autonomous driving, environment perception sensors such as radars, lidars, and vision sensors play core roles as the eyes of a vehicle; therefore, their reliability cannot be compromised. In this work, we present a spoofing by relaying attack, which can not only induce illusions in the lidar output but can also cause the illusions to appear closer than the location of a spoofing device. In a recent work, the former attack is shown to be effective, but the latter one was never shown. Additionally, we present a novel saturation attack against lidars, which can completely incapacitate a lidar from sensing a certain direction. The effectiveness of both the approaches is experimentally verified against Velodyne’s VLP-16.
A New ID-based Signature with Batch Verification
An identity (ID)-based signature scheme allows any pair of users to communicate securely and to verify each other's signatures without exchanging public key certificates. We have several ID-based signatures based on the discrete logarithm problem. While they have an advantage that the system secret can be shared by several parties through threshold schemes, they have a critical disadvantage in efficiency. To enhance the efficiency of verification, we propose a new ID-based signature scheme that allows batch verification of multiple signatures. The verification cost of the proposed signature scheme for $k$ signatures is almost constant with minimal security loss and when a new signature by a different signer is added to the batch verification, the additional cost is almost a half of that of a single signature. We prove that the proposed signature scheme is secure against existential forgery under adaptively chosen message and ID attack in the random oracle model and show why other ID-based signature schemes are hard to achieve these properties.
Timed-Release and Key-Insulated Public Key Encryption
In this paper we consider two security notions related to Identity Based Encryption: Key-insulated public key encryption, introduced by Dodis, Katz, Xu and Yung; and Timed-Release Public Key cryptography, introduced independently by May and Rivest, Shamir and Wagner. We first formalize the notion of secure timed-release public key encryption, and show that, despite several differences in its formulation, it is equivalent to strongly key-insulated public key encryption (with optimal threshold and random access key updates). Next, we introduce the concept of an authenticated timed-release cryptosystem, briefly consider generic constructions, and then give a construction based on a single primitive which is efficient and provably secure.
Tree-based Group Key Agreement
Secure and reliable group communication is an active area of research. Its popularity is caused by the growing importance of group-oriented and collaborative applications. The central research challenge is secure and efficient group key management. While centralized methods are often appropriate for key distribution in large multicast-style groups, many collaborative group settings require distributed key agreement techniques. This work investigates a novel group key agreement approach which blends so-called key trees with Diffie-Hellman key exchange. It yields a secure protocol suite (TGDH) that is both simple and fault-tolerant. Moreover, the efficiency of TGDH appreciably surpasses that of prior art.