Efficient ID-based Signature Without Trusted PKG
In this paper, we introduce the exact concept of ID-based signature without trusted Private Key Generator (PKG), which solves the key escrow problem through binding two partially public keys with a same identity. In this scheme, PKG is prevented from forging a legal user’s signature because he only generates the partially private key. Using Gap Diffie-Hellman (GDH) groups, we construct an efficient ID-based signature scheme without trusted PKG, which security relies on the hardness of the Computation Diffie-Hellman Problem (CDHP). More precisely, under the random oracle model, our scheme is proved to be secure against existential forgery on adaptively chosen message and ID attack, which is a natural ID-based version of the standard adaptively chosen message attack, assuming CDHP is intractable. Our scheme not only eliminates the inherent key escrow problem but also has a higher efficiency than the existing schemes.
Fair Exchange Signature Schemes
In this paper we propose a new class of Fair Exchange Signature Scheme(FESS) that allows two players to exchange digital signatures in a fair way. Our signature scheme is a general idea and has various implementations on most of the existing signature schemes, thus it may also be considered as an interesting extension of concurrent signature presented in EUROCRYPT 2004 that is constructed from ring signatures. In our scheme, two unwakened signatures signed separately by two participants can be verified easily by the other player, but it would not go into effect until an extra piece of commitment keystone is released by one of the players. Once the keystone revealed, two signatures are both aroused and become effective. A key feature of the proposed scheme is that two players can exchange digital signatures simultaneously through a secret commitment keystone without involvement of any Trusted Third Party. Moreover, the efficiency of our signature scheme is higher than that of concurrent signature.
An Attack on a Certificateless Signature Scheme
This paper demonstrates that a certificateless signature scheme recently proposed by Gorantla and Saxena is insecure. It is shown that an adversary who replaces the public key of a signer can then forge valid signatures for that signer without knowledge of the signer's private key.