International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Practical Product Proofs for Lattice Commitments

Thomas Attema , TNO and CWI
Vadim Lyubashevsky , IBM Research - Zurich
Gregor Seiler , IBM Research - Zurich and ETH Zurich
DOI: (login may be required)
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Conference: CRYPTO 2020
Abstract: We construct a practical lattice-based zero-knowledge argument for proving multiplicative relations between committed values. The underlying commitment scheme that we use is the currently most efficient one of Baum et al. (SCN 2018), and the size of our multiplicative proof is only slightly larger than of the one for just proving knowledge of the committed values. We additionally improve on the results of Lyubashevsky and Seiler (Eurocrypt 2018) to show that the above-mentioned techniques can work over rings $Z_q[X]/(X^d+1)$ where $X^d+1$ splits into low-degree factors, which is a property necessary for many applications. In particular, we use Fourier analysis to show that the NTT coefficients of random small-norm challenges are not concentrated on any particular value.
Video from CRYPTO 2020
  title={Practical Product Proofs for Lattice Commitments},
  author={Thomas Attema and Vadim Lyubashevsky and Gregor Seiler},