International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: History-Independent Cuckoo Hashing

Moni Naor
Gil Segev
Udi Wieder
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Abstract: Cuckoo hashing is an efficient and practical dynamic dictionary. It provides expected amortized constant update time, worst case constant lookup time, and good memory utilization. Various experiments demonstrated that cuckoo hashing is highly suitable for modern computer architectures and distributed settings, and offers significant improvements compared to other schemes. In this work we construct a practical {\em history-independent} dynamic dictionary based on cuckoo hashing. In a history-independent data structure, the memory representation at any point in time yields no information on the specific sequence of insertions and deletions that led to its current content, other than the content itself. Such a property is significant when preventing unintended leakage of information, and was also found useful in several algorithmic settings. Our construction enjoys most of the attractive properties of cuckoo hashing. In particular, no dynamic memory allocation is required, updates are performed in expected amortized constant time, and membership queries are performed in worst case constant time. Moreover, with high probability, the lookup procedure queries only two memory entries which are independent and can be queried in parallel. The approach underlying our construction is to enforce a canonical memory representation on cuckoo hashing. That is, up to the initial randomness, each set of elements has a unique memory representation.
  title={History-Independent Cuckoo Hashing},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={applications / History-independent data structures, Cuckoo hashing.},
  note={ICALP '08. 14109 received 18 Aug 2008},
  author={Moni Naor and Gil Segev and Udi Wieder},