International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Collision Attack on XTR and a Countermeasure with a Fixed Pattern

Dong-Guk Han
Tsuyoshi Takagi
Tae Hyun Kim
Ho Won Kim
Kyo Il Chung
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Abstract: Public-key cryptosystem (PKC) is one of inevitable key technologies in order to accomplish fruitful security applications in ubiquitous computing systems. The ubiquitous computer only has scarce computational resources (like Smart cards, RFID, Sensor Network), however, so that the light weight PKC is necessary for those miniaturized low-power devices. Recently, XTR is considered as one of good candidates for more energy efficient cryptosystems. Among XTR exponentiation algorithms, the most efficient one is the Improved XTR Single Exponentiation (XTR-ISE) proposed by Stam-Lenstra. Thus among the family of XTR algorithms, XTR-ISE is the most efficient one suitable for ubiquitous computer. Even though the security of such devices against side channel attacks is very dangerous, there are few works on side channel attacks against XTR-ISE. In this paper we propose a new collision attack on XTR-ISE, derived from the structural properties of XTR-ISE. The analysis complexity of the proposed one is about 2^{40} where the key size is 160-bit, which is 55% improvement from the previously best known analysis of Page-Stam. We also propose a novel countermeasure using a fixed pattern which is secure against SPA. We deploy a variant of Euclidean algorithm whose one of the registers is a monotone decreasing function with odd value. From our estimation of the efficiency of the proposed method, XTR exponentiation, computing Tr(g^n) with Tr(g) and n, takes 11.2log_2n multiplications in F_{p^2}. In the sense of both efficiency and security the proposed countermeasure is the best one among the previous countermeasures- it is about 30% faster.
  title={Collision Attack on XTR and a Countermeasure with a Fixed Pattern},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / Side Channel Attacks, XTR public key system},
  note={This is a ``full" version of a paper that will be published in SecUbiq 2005. 13034 received 7 Sep 2005},
  author={Dong-Guk Han and Tsuyoshi Takagi and Tae Hyun Kim and Ho Won Kim and Kyo Il Chung},