*16:17*[Pub][ePrint] Non-committing encryption from $\\Phi$-hiding, by Brett Hemenway and Rafail Ostrovsky and Alon Rosen

A multiparty computation protocol is said to be adaptively secure if it retains its security even in the presence of an adversary who can corrupt

participants as the protocol proceeds. This is in contrast to the static corruption model where the adversary is forced to choose which participants

to corrupt before the protocol begins.

A central tool for constructing adaptively secure protocols is non-committing encryption (Canetti, Feige, Goldreich and Naor, STOC \'96). The

original protocol of Canetti et al. had ciphertext expansion that was quadratic in the security parameter, and prior to this work, the

best known constructions had ciphertext expansion that was linear in the security parameter.

In this work, we present the first non-committing encryption scheme that achieves ciphertext expansion that is logarithmic in the message length.

Our construction has optimal round complexity (2-rounds), where (just as in all previous constructions) the first message consists of a public-key

of size $\\tilde{\\bigoh}(n \\secpar)$ where $n$ is the message length and $\\secpar$ is the security parameter. The second message consists

of a ciphertext of size $\\bigoh( n \\log n + \\secpar )$. The security of our scheme is proved based on the $\\Phi$-hiding problem.