*21:17*[Pub][ePrint] The Locality of Searchable Symmetric Encryption, by David Cash and Stefano Tessaro

This paper proves a lower bound on the trade-off between server storage size and the locality of memory accesses in searchable symmetric encryption (SSE). Namely, when encrypting an index of $N$ identifier/keyword pairs, the encrypted index must have size $\\omega(N)$ \\emph{or} the scheme must perform searching with $\\omega(1)$ non-contiguous reads to memory \\emph{or} the scheme must read many more bits than is necessary to compute the results. Recent implementations have shown that non-locality of server memory accesses create a throughput-bottleneck on very large databases. Our lower bound shows that this is due to the security notion and not a defect of the constructions. An upper bound is also given in the form of a new SSE construction with an $O(N\\log N)$ size encrypted index that performs $O(\\log N)$ reads during a search.