*22:17*[Pub][ePrint] CBEAM: Efficient Authenticated Encryption from Feebly One-Way $\\phi$ Functions, by Markku-Juhani O. Saarinen

We show how efficient and secure cryptographic mixing functions can be constructed from low-degree rotation-invariant $\\phi$ functions rather than conventional S-Boxes. These novel functions have surprising properties; many exhibit inherent feeble (Boolean circuit) one-wayness and offer speed/area tradeoffs unobtainable with traditional constructs. Recent theoretical results indicate that even if the inverse is not explicitly computed in an implementation, its degree plays a fundamental role to the security of the iterated composition. To illustrate these properties, we present CBEAM, a Cryptographic Sponge Permutation based on a single $5 \\times 1$-bit Boolean function. This simple nonlinear function is used to construct a 16-bit rotation-invariant$\\phi$ function of Degree 4 (but with a very complex Degree 11 inverse), which in turn is expanded into an efficient 256-bit mixing function. In addition to flexible tradeoffs in hardware we show that efficient implementation strategies exist for software platforms ranging from low-end microcontrollers to the very latest x86-64 AVX2 instruction set. A rotational bit-sliced software implementation offers not only comparable speeds to AES but also increased security against cache side channel attacks. Our construction supports Sponge-based Authenticated Encryption, Hashing, and PRF/PRNG modes and is highly useful as a compact ``all-in-one\'\' primitive for pervasive security.