*09:17*[Pub][ePrint] On Extractability Obfuscation, by Elette Boyle and Kai-Min Chung and Rafael Pass

We initiate the study of {\\em extractability obfuscation}, a notion first suggested by Barak et al. (JACM 2012): An extractability obfuscator eO for a class of algorithms M guarantees that if an efficient attacker A can distinguish between obfuscations eO(M_1), eO(M_2) of two algorithms M_1,M_2 \\in M, then A can efficiently recover (given M_1 and M_2) an input on which M_1 and M_2 provide different outputs.

- We rely on the recent candidate virtual black-box obfuscation constructions to provide candidate constructions of extractability obfuscators for NC^1; next, following the blueprint of Garg et~al. (FOCS 2013), we show how to bootstrap the obfuscator for NC^1 to an obfuscator for all non-uniform polynomial-time Turing machines. In contrast to the construction of Garg et al., which relies on indistinguishability obfuscation for NC^1, our construction enables succinctly obfuscating non-uniform {\\em Turing machines} (as opposed to circuits), without turning running-time into description size.

- We introduce a new notion of {\\em functional witness encryption}, which enables encrypting a message m with respect to an instance x, language L, and function f, such that anyone (and only those) who holds a witness w for x\\in L can compute f(m,w) on the message and particular known witness. We show that functional witness encryption is, in fact, equivalent to extractability obfuscation.

- We demonstrate other applications of extractability extraction, including the first construction of fully (adaptive-message) indistinguishability-secure functional encryption for an unbounded number of key queries and unbounded message spaces.

- We finally relate indistinguishability obfuscation and extractability obfuscation and show special cases when indistinguishability obfuscation can be turned into extractability obfuscation.