International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Two New Efficient CCA-Secure Online Ciphers: MHCBC and MCBC

Mridul Nandi
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Abstract: Online ciphers are those ciphers whose ciphertexts can be computed in real time by using a length-preserving encryption algorithm. HCBC1 and HCBC2 are two known examples of Hash Cipher Block Chaining online ciphers. The first construction is secure against chosen plaintext adversary (or called CPA-secure) whereas the latter is secure against chosen ciphertext adversary (or called CCA-secure). In this paper, we have provided simple security analysis of these online ciphers. We have also proposed two new more efficient chosen ciphertext secure online ciphers modified-HCBC (MHCBC) and modified-CBC (MCBC). If one uses a finite field multiplication based universal hash function, the former needs one less key and one less field multiplication compared to HCBC2. The MCBC does not need any universal hash function and it needs only one blockcipher key unlike the other three online ciphers where two independent keys (hash function and blockcipher) are required.
  title={Two New Efficient CCA-Secure Online Ciphers: MHCBC and MCBC},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={secret-key cryptography / online cipher, CBC, universal hash function, random permutation.},
  note={A preliminary version of this paper appears in Advances in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2008, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. ???, pp. ???, Springer-Verlag, 2008. 14142 received 20 Sep 2008},
  author={Mridul Nandi},