International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: A General Construction of Tweakable Block Ciphers and Different Modes of Operations

Debrup Chakraborty
Palash Sarkar
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Abstract: This work builds on earlier work by Rogaway at Asiacrypt 2004 on tweakable block cipher (TBC) and modes of operations. Our first contribution is to generalize Rogaway's TBC construction by working over a ring {\ring} and by the use of a masking sequence of functions. The ring {\ring} can be instantiated as either $GF(2^n)$ or as $\bbbz_{2^n}$. Further, over $GF(2^n)$, efficient instantiations of the masking sequence of functions can be done using either a binary Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR); a powering construction; a cellular automata map; or by using a word oriented LFSR. Rogaway's TBC construction was built from the powering construction over $GF(2^n)$. Our second contribution is to use the general TBC construction to instantiate constructions of various modes of operations including authenticated encryption (AE) and message authentication code (MAC). In particular, this gives rise to a family of efficient one-pass AE mode of operation. Out of these, the mode of operation obtained by the use of word oriented LFSR promises to provide a masking method which is more efficient than the one used in the well known AE protocol called OCB.
  title={A General Construction of Tweakable Block Ciphers and Different Modes of Operations},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={secret-key cryptography / tweakable block cipher, modes of operations, AE, MAC, AEAD.},
  note={An abridged version of this paper has appeared in the proceedings of Inscrypt 2006. 13720 received 27 Jan 2007, last revised 26 Jul 2007},
  author={Debrup Chakraborty and Palash Sarkar},