International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: A defect of the implementation schemes of the TTM cryptosystem

Jintai Ding
Dieter Schmidt
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Abstract: We show all the existing TTM implementation schemes have a defect that there exist linearization equations $$ \sum_{i=1,j=1}^{n,m} a_{ij}x_iy_j(x_1,\dots,x_{n})+ \sum_{i=1}^{n} b_ix_i+\sum_{j=1}^{m} c_jy_j(x_1,\dots,x_{n}) + d= 0, $$ which are satisfied by the components $y_i(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ of the ciphers of the TTM schemes. We further demonstrate that, for the case of the most recent two implementation schemes in two versions of the paper \cite{CM}, where the inventor of TTM used them to refute a claim in \cite{CG}, if we do a linear substitution with the linear equations derived from the linearization equations for a given ciphertext, we can find the plaintext easily by an iteration of the procedure of first search for linear equations by linear combinations and then linear substitution. The computation complexity of the attack on these two schemes is less than $2^{35}$ over a finite field of size $2^8$.
  title={A  defect of the implementation schemes of the TTM cryptosystem},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / cryptanalysis, linerization, TTM},
  note={ 12172 received 30 Apr 2003},
  author={Jintai Ding and Dieter Schmidt},