International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: On the Security of the SPEKE Password-Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol

Philip MacKenzie
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Abstract: In the most strict formal definition of security for password-authenticated key exchange, an adversary can test at most one password per impersonation attempt. We propose a slightly relaxed definition which restricts an adversary to testing at most a constant number of passwords per impersonation attempt. This definition seems useful, since there is currently a popular password-authenticated key exchange protocol called SRP that seems resistant to off-line dictionary attack, yet does allow an adversary to test two passwords per impersonation attempt. In this paper we prove (in the random oracle model) that a certain instantiation of the SPEKE protocol that uses hashed passwords instead of non-hashed passwords is a secure password-authenticated key exchange protocol (using our relaxed definition) based on a new assumption, the Decision Inverted-Additive Diffie-Hellman assumption. Since this is a new security assumption, we investigate its security and relation to other assumptions; specifically we prove a lower bound for breaking this new assumption in the generic model, and we show that the computational version of this new assumption is equivalent to the Computational Diffie-Hellman assumption.
  title={On the Security of the SPEKE Password-Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={cryptographic protocols / password authentication, key exchange, Diffie-Hellman protocol},
  note={ 11522 received 19 Jul 2001},
  author={Philip MacKenzie},