International Association for Cryptologic Research

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Paper: Efficient and Non-Interactive Non-Malleable Commitment

Authors:
Giovanni Di Crescenzo
Jonathan Katz
Rafail Ostrovsky
Adam Smith
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URL: http://eprint.iacr.org/2001/032
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Abstract: We present new constructions of non-malleable commitment schemes, in the public parameter model (where a trusted party makes parameters available to all parties), based on the discrete logarithm or RSA assumptions. The main features of our schemes are: they achieve near-optimal communication for arbitrarily-large messages and are non-interactive. Previous schemes either required (several rounds of) interaction or focused on achieving non-malleable commitment based on general assumptions and were thus efficient only when committing to a single bit. Although our main constructions are for the case of perfectly-hiding commitment, we also present a communication-efficient, non-interactive commitment scheme (based on general assumptions) that is perfectly binding.
BibTeX
@misc{eprint-2001-11444,
  title={Efficient and Non-Interactive Non-Malleable Commitment},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={foundations / non-malleable, malleability, commitment},
  url={http://eprint.iacr.org/2001/032},
  note={Eurocrypt 2001 jkatz@cs.columbia.edu 11438 received 23 Apr 2001, last revised 26 Apr 2001},
  author={Giovanni Di Crescenzo and Jonathan Katz and Rafail Ostrovsky and Adam Smith},
  year=2001
}