International Association for Cryptologic Research

Ph.D. Database

The aim of the IACR Ph.D. database is twofold. On the first hand, we want to offer an overview of Ph.D. already completed in the domain of cryptology. Where possible, this should also include a subject classification, an abstract, and access to the full text. On the second hand, it deals with Ph.D. subjects currently under investigation. This way, we provide a timely map of contemporary research in cryptology. All entries or changes need to be approved by an editor. You can contact them via phds (at) iacr.org.

Details

Alptekin Küpçü (#455)
Name Alptekin Küpçü
Personal Homepage http://home.ku.edu.tr/~akupcu
Institution Brown University
Topic of his/her doctorate. Efficient Cryptography for the Next Generation Secure Cloud
Category cryptographic protocols
Keywords fair exchange,privacy,anonymity,implementation,zero knowledge,electronic commerce and payment,electronic cash,distributed cryptography
Ph.D. Supervisor(s) Anna Lysyanskaya
Year of completion 2010
Abstract

Peer-to-peer (P2P) systems, and client-server type storage and computation outsourcing constitute some of the major applications that the next generation cloud schemes will address. Since these applications are just emerging, it is the perfect time to design them with security and privacy in mind. Furthermore, considering the high-churn characteristics of such systems, the cryptographic protocols employed must be efficient and scalable. This thesis shows that cryptography can be used to efficiently and scalably provide security and privacy for the next generation cloud systems.

We start by describing an efficient and scalable fair exchange protocol that can be used for exchanging files between participants of a P2P file sharing system. In this system, there are two central authorities that we introduce: the arbiter and the bank. We then try distributing these entities to reduce trust assumptions and to improve performance. Our work on distributing the arbiter leads to impossibility results, whereas our work on distributing the bank leads to a more general cloud computation result showing how a boss can employ untrusted contractors, and fine or reward them. We then consider cloud storage scenario, where the client outsources storage of her files to an untrusted server. We show how the client can challenge the server to prove that her file is kept intact, even when the files are dynamic. Next, we provide an agreement protocol for a dynamic message, where two parties agree on the latest version of a message that changes over time. We then apply this agreement protocol to the cloud storage setting and show how a judge can arbitrate between the client and the server officially based on the agreed-upon message and the proof sent by the server. Lastly, we show that all our solutions are efficient and scalable by presenting results from the cryptographic library we implemented.

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